To reach the vision through following the mission developed by South Asia Partnership Sri Lanka different attempts have been made for about 30 years. Most of these development attempts are top-down and based on the sectoral development. These features can be seen through the public sector development activities also. The requirements of the families are divided into sectors and different Ministries and Departments were established to fulfill these requirements separately such as Education, Health, Women affaires, Child Affaires, Vocational training, and cultural etc. The officials in these departments are responsible to the head of the department only for achieving the targets fixed by them for their sectors. There is not a single Ministry or Department to look after the overall development of the family. Most of the Non- Governmental Organizations also follow the same development approach. They also have their own sectors to be developed such as Sanitation, Housing, Human Rights, Micro Credit etc. So what we have observed through the results of these Development Attempt is that we will never be able to see a sustainable development of the public.
Through analyzing the results we have gained throughout the past 30 years, we realized the requirement of a new development approach to have an Unabridged Development of the target families. To reach the Vision of SAP SRI it is essential to develop the capacity of the Marginalized and unprivileged social groups in villages.
Although SAP SRI has improved their income through SMED programme an Unabridged Development could not have been achieved in all families involved. As the traditional approaches could not achieve the expected outcome of the development attempts now we are in search of a better approach for developing these marginalized and unprivileged groups. Having conducted many reaches and experiments now we are introducing a Holistic Development Approach which is based on 4 P s such as Participation, Public, private and people.
We selected a model village “Therunnaansegama”, in Embilipitiya Divisional Secretariat in Ratnepura District, to be developed practicing this new approach. The following steps have been taken so-far and proceeding successfully.
- We developed criteria to measure the development of each family taking into consideration the Sustainable Development Goals introduced by UNDP.
- These criteria have been divided into six categories.
- A Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted in the selected village with the participation of the public.
- Having identified the basic problems of the village we conducted a training programme for the public sector officials of this division to create awareness, seeking their participation in future.
- We have to develop family development plans for each family.
- The roles of the development can be categorized as Public sector, Private Sector and the people sector.
- Develop a guide book for the public to make them aware about their role in this development attempt.
- The volunteers will be appointed as one for 5 families to monitor the programme.
- The selected families will be allocated to public officers as 10 families to each officer for monitoring the activities.
- The copies of the village development plan will be distributed among the District heads of Departments and the politicians, seeking their financial commitments.
- The development plan will be introduced to the people of the village with the participation of the Central and Provincial Public Officers.